Perinatal Hepatitis B Prevention Program
"The Perinatal Hepatitis B Prevention Program at the Ohio Department of Health was created to work with Local Health Departments, providers and birthing facilities to encourage and facilitate the administration of Hepatitis B Immune Globulin and hepatitis B vaccine to babies of hepatitis B-positive moms, and thereby reduce the possibility of them contracting hepatitis B virus at birth. Within the first 12 hours of birth, a high-risk baby is given a dose of hepatitis B vaccine as well as a dose of Hepatitis B Immune Globulin (HBIG) for immediate protection. The vaccine is the first of three doses the baby will need by 6 months of age. After the third dose, the baby will need to have blood drawn to see if he or she has developed the antibody protection needed to prevent the disease. Ohio babies get HBIG and hepatitis B vaccine free of charge with funding from the Centers for Disease Control and Prevention and the state of Ohio. Funding also allows for testing and vaccinations for other people living in the baby’s household for greater protection of the baby." (http://www.odh.ohio.gov/odhprograms/bid/peri_hb/phb1.aspx, accessed 9/16/15.)
Summit County Public Health provides regional coordination for the Perinatal Hepatitis B Prevention Program in Summit, Stark, Medina and Wayne counties. Each local health department within the four counties has designated Public Health Nurses who work with the program. These nurses provide case management and assure access to vaccine for the infant household and sexual contacts. Follow-up continues from identification of a HBsAg+ pregnant woman through vaccination and completion of post-vaccine serology for all contacts. Nurses work closely with maternal, infant and family medical providers during this time. Early notification from community medical providers helps assure delivering hospitals have appropriate vaccines available at the time of delivery and helps minimize the transmission of Hepatitis B in the home setting.